Richard W. Garnett

Richard W. Garnett

Paul J. Schierl/Fort Howard Corporation Professor of Law
Concurrent Professor of Political Science

Office: 3117 Eck Hall of Law
Phone: 574-631-6981
Fax: 574-631-8078
Email: rgarnett@nd.edu
Staff Assistant: Alicia Cummins
CV: View
SSRN: View

Professor Richard W. Garnett teaches and writes about the freedoms of speech, association, and religion and constitutional law more generally. He is a leading authority on questions and debates regarding the role of religious believers and beliefs in politics and society. He has published widely on these matters and is the author of dozens of law-review articles and book chapters. Garnett is regularly invited to share analysis and commentary in national print and broadcast media, and he contributes to several law-related blogs, including Mirror of Justice and PrawfsBlawg. 

He is the founding director of Notre Dame Law School’s Program on Church, State, and Society, an interdisciplinary project that focuses on the role of religious institutions, communities, and authorities in the social order. He served on the Notre Dame Task Force on Catholic Education, is a Fellow of the University’s Institute for Educational Initiatives, and consults regularly with the Alliance for Catholic Education. 

Garnett clerked for the late Chief Justice of the United States, William H. Rehnquist, during the Court’s 1996 term and also for the late Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit, Richard S. Arnold. He earned his J.D. from Yale Law School in 1995 and his B.A., summa cum laude, from Duke University in 1990. He joined the faculty in 1999 after practicing law in Washington, D.C., with Miller, Cassidy, Larroca & Lewin. 

Courses Taught

LAW60307, Constitutional Law

LAW60302, Criminal Law

LAW70304, Freedom of Religion

LAW70306, The Death Penalty

LAW70307, Freedom of Speech

LAW70359, Constitutional Criminal Procedure

LAW73303, Modern Constitutional Theory

LAW73836, Catholic Social Thought

Scholarship

Books 

FIRST AMENDMENT STORIES (editor, with Andrew Koppelman) (Foundation Press, 2011). 

Articles and Review Essays 

Religious Accommodations and—and Among—Civil Rights: Separation, Toleration, and Accommodation, in Institutionalizing Rights and Religion: Competing Supremacies, 42-56 (Leora Batnitzky and Hanoch Dagan eds., Cambridge University Press), (2017). 

Accommodation, Establishment, and Freedom of Religion, 67 VAND. L. REV. EN BANC 39 (2014). 

“The Freedom of the Church”: (Towards) an Exposition, Translation, and Defense, 21 J. CONTEMP. LEGAL ISSUES 33 (2013). 

The Story of Kedroff v. St. Nicholas Cathedral, 38 J. SUPREME COURT HISTORY 80 (2013). 

Neutrality and the Good of Religious Freedom: An Appreciative Response to Professor Koppelman, 39 PEPPERDINE L. REV. 1149 (2013). 

Hosanna-Tabor, Religious Freedom, and Constitutional Structure, 2011-12 CATO SUPREME COURT REVIEW 307 (with John M. Robinson). 

Religious Freedom, Church-State Separation, and the Ministerial Exception, 106 NW. U. L. REV. COLLOQUY 175 (2011). 

The Political (and Other) Safeguards of Religious Freedom, 32 CARDOZO L. REV. 1815 (2011). 

Standing, Spending, and Separation: How the No-Establishment Rule Does (and Does Not) Protect Conscience, 54 VILL. L. REV. 655 (2009). 

A Hand's-Off Approach to Religious Doctrine: What Are We Talking About?, 8 NOTRE DAME L. REV. 837 (2009). 

Religious Freedom, Church Autonomy, and Constitutionalism, 57 DRAKE L. REV. 901 (2009). 

Judicial Review, Local Values, and Pluralism, in The People & The Courts: The 27th Annual National Federalist Society Student Symposium on Law and Public Policy, 32 HARV. J. L. & PUB. POL'Y 5 (2009).

Can There Really Be "Free Speech" in Public Schools?, 12 LEWIS & CLARK L. REV. 45-59 (2008). 

Do Churches Matter? Towards an Institutional Understanding of the Religion Clauses, 53 VILLANOVA L. REV. 273-96 (2008). 

Religion and Group Rights: Are Churches (Just) Like the Boy Scouts?, 22 ST. JOHN'S J. LEG. COMMENT. 515 (2007). 

Pluralism, Dialogue, and Freedom: Professor Robert Rodes and the Church-State Nexus, 22 J. L. & RELIGION 503 (2007). 

Church, State, and the Practice of Love, 52 VILLANOVA L. REV. 281 (2007). 

Civic Unity and Religious Pluralism, 23 CONST. COMMENT. 241 (2006) (reviewing NOAH FELDMAN, DIVIDED BY GOD: AMERICA'S CHURCH-STATE PROBLEM AND WHAT WE SHOULD DO ABOUT IT (2005) and KEVIN SEAMUS HASSON, THE RIGHT TO BE WRONG: ENDING THE CULTURE WAR OVER RELIGION IN AMERICA (2005)). 

Taking Accommodation Seriously: Religious Freedom and the O Centro Case, 2006 CATO SUP. CT. REV. 257 (2006) (with Joshua D. Dunlap). 

Religion, Division, and the First Amendment, 94 GEO. L.J. 1666 (2006). 

The Freedom of the Church, 4 J. CATH. SOCIAL THOUGHT 59 (2006). 

Changing Minds: Proselytism, Freedom, and the First Amendment, 2 UNIV. OF ST. THOMAS L. J. 453 (2005). 

Jaycees Reconsidered: Judge Richard S. Arnold and the Freedom of Association, 58 ARKANSAS L. REV. 587 (2005). 

Assimilation, Toleration, and the State's Interest in Religious Doctrine, 51 U.C.L.A. L. REV. 1645 (2004). 

American Conversations With(in) Catholicism, 102 MICH. L. REV. 1191 (2004)(reviewing JOHN T. MCGREEVY, CATHOLICISM AND AMERICAN FREEDOM: A HISTORY (2003)). 

The Theology of the Blaine Amendments, 2 FIRST. AMD. L. REV. 45 (2003). 

The New Federalism, the Spending Power, and Federal Criminal Law, 89 CORNELL L.REV. 1 (2003). 

Christian Witness, Moral Anthropology, and the Death Penalty, 17 NOTRE DAME J. ETHICS, L. & PUB. POL'Y 541 (2003). 

The Right Questions About Schoo1 Choice: Education, Religious Freedom, and the Common Good, 23 CARDOZO L. REV. 1281 (2002). 

Sectarian Reflections on Lawyers' Ethics and Death-Row Volunteers, 77 NOTRE DAME L.REV. 795 (2002). 

Common Schools and the Common Good: Reflections on the School-Choice Debate, 75 ST. JOHN'S LAW REV. 219 (2001). 

A Quiet Faith? Taxes, Politics, and the Privatization of Religion, 42 B.C. L. REV. 771 (2001). 

The Story of Henry Adams' Soul: Education and the Expression of Associations, 85 MINN. L. REV. 1841 (2001). 

Brown's Promise, Blaine's Legacy, 17 CONST. COMM. 651 (2000) (reviewing JOSEPH P. VITERITTI, CHOOSING EQUALITY: SCHOOL CHOICE, THE CONSTITUTION, AND CIVIL SOCIETY (1999)). 

Taking Pierce Seriously: The Family, Religious Education, and Harm to Children, 76 NOTRE DAME L. REV. 109 (2000). 

Francis Bacon Takes On the Ghouls: The "First Principles" of Religious Freedom, 3 GREEN BAG 2D 447 (2000) (reviewing JOHN WITTE JR., RELIGION AND THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONAL EXPERIMENT (2000)). 

School Choice, The First Amendment, and Social Justice, 4 TEX. REV. L. & POL. 301 (2000)(with Nicole Stelle Garnett). 

Once More Into the Maze: United States v. Lopez, Tribal Self-Determination, and Federal Conspiracy Jurisdiction in Indian Country, 72 N.D. L. REV. 433 (1996). 

Why Informed Consent? Human Experimentation and the Ethics of Autonomy, 36 CATH. LAW. 455 (1996). 

Note, Depravity Thrice Removed: Using the "Heinous, Cruel, or Depraved" Factor to Aggravate Convictions of Nontriggermen Accomplices in Capital Cases, 103 YALE L. J. 2471 (1994). 

Book Chapters 

The Story of Kedroff v. St. Nicholas Cathedral, 38 J. SUP. CT. HIST. 80-93 (2013). 

Religious liberty, church autonomy, and the structure of freedom, in CHRISTIANITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS: AN INTRODUCTION (John Witte, Jr., & Frank S. Alexander, eds., Cambridge 2010) 

Less Is More: Justice Rehnquist, the Freedom of Speech, and Democracy, in C. BRADLEY, ED., THE REHNQUIST LEGACY (2006). 

"Everlasting Splendours": Death-Row Volunteers, Lawyers' Ethics, and the Dignity of Creatures, in MICHAEL A. SCAPERLANDA & TERESA STANTON COLLETT, EDS., SELFEVIDENT TRUTHS: CATHOLIC PERSPECTIVES ON AMERICAN LAW (2007). 

Regulatory Strings and Religious Freedom: Requiring Private Schools To Promote Public Values, in S. MACEDO, ET AL., EDS., EDUCATING CITIZENS: INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVES ON CIVIC VALUES AND SCHOOL CHOICE 324 (2004). 

Christian Witness, Moral Anthropology, and the Death Penalty, in ERIK C. OWENS, ET AL., EDS., A CALL FOR RECKONING: RELIGION AND THE DEATH PENALTY 139 (2004). 

Other Legal Publications 

Brief of Richard W. Garnett, Michael Stokes Paulsen, & Eugene Volokh as Amici Curiae in Support of Petitioners, McCullen v. Coakley, No. 12-1168, (U.S. April 24, 2013), 2013 WL 1770863. 

Drop "Coffers", 10 GREEN BAG 2d 299 (2007) (with Benjamin P. Carr). 

Free To Believe, FIRST THINGS (May 2007) (reviewing CHRISTOPHER L. EISGRUBER & LAWRENCE G. SAGER, RELIGIOUS FREEDOM AND THE CONSTITUTION (2007)). 

Individuals First, COMMONWEAL (April 6, 2007) (reviewing CHARLES FRIED, MODERN LIBERTY AND THE LIMITS OF GOVERNMENT (2006)). 

Law, Lawyers, the Court, and Catholicism, American Catholic Studies Newsletter, Cushwa Center for the Study of American Catholicism, Vol. 33, No. 2 (Fall 2006). 

Debate, Judicial Activism and its Critics, 155 U. PENN. L. REV. PENNUMBRA 112 (2006), http://www.pennumbra.com/debates/debate.php?did=3 (with Kermit Roosevelt). 

Personal Reflections on the Chief, 10 TEX. REV. L. & POL. 283 (2006). 

Chief Justice Rehnquist's Enduring, Democratic Constitution,29 HARV. J. L. & PUB. POL'Y 395 (2006). 

William H. Rehnquist: A Life Lived Greatly, and Well, 115 YALE L. J. 1847 (2006). 

Introduction: Religion, Division, and the Constitution, 15 WM. & MARY BILL OF RIGHTS J. 1 (2006). 

Chief Justice Rehnquist and the Freedom of Speech, ENGAGE (Vol. 7, Issue 1) (2006). 

Bush v. Holmes: School Vouchers, Religious Freedom, and State Constitutions, 17 EDUC. & THE LAW 173 (2005) (with Christopher S. Pearsall). 

Permanent Conflict, COMMONWEAL (Nov. 18, 2005) (reviewing NOAH FELDMAN, DIVIDED BY GOD (2005), MARCI A. HAMILTON, GOD VS. THE GAVEL (2005), and WINNIFRED FALLERS SULLIVAN, THE IMPOSSIBILITY OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM (2005)). 

Good News Club v. Milford Central School, in K. HALL, ED., THE OXFORD COMPANION TO THE SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES (2005). 

Public Trial, in MATTHEW SPALDING & DAVID FORTE, EDS, THE HERITAGE GUIDE TO THE CONSTITUTION (2005). 

Hail to the Chief?, LEGAL AFFAIRS (March 2005). 

Citizens, Not Outlaws, NATIONAL REVIEW (Aug. 11, 2003) (reviewing MICHAEL J. PERRY, UNDER GOD? RELIGIOUS FAITH AND LIBERAL DEMOCRACY (2003)). 

Final Justice, AMERICA (Oct. 27, 2003) (reviewing S. BANNER, THE DEATH PENALTY: AN AMERICAN HISTORY (2002) & F. ZIMRING, THE CONTRADICTIONS OF AMERICAN CAPITAL PUNISHMENT (2003)). 

The Rehnquist Choice, TRIAL (June 2002) (reviewing JOHN DEAN, THE REHNQUIST CHOICE (2002)). 

Section 666, The Spending Power, and the Federalization of Criminal Law: Salinas, Fischer, and the Way Ahead, THE CHAMPION (May 2001) (with John P. Elwood). 

Education Reform at the Crossroads: Politics, The Constitution, and the Battle Over School Choice, 10 GEO. MASON CIV. R. L. J. 107 (2000). 

What Are the Limits on Warrantless Drug Testing of Pregnant Women?, 1 A.B.A. PREVIEW 31 (September 13, 2000). 

Does the Constitution Permit Federal Prosecution for the Arson of a Private Residence?, 6 A.B.A. PREVIEW 331 (March 8, 2000). 

Are Payments to a Hospital for Services Provided Medicare Beneficiaries "Benefits" Under the Federal-Program Bribery Statute?, 5 A.B.A. PREVIEW 251 (February 5, 2000). 

Tribute to the Honorable Richard S. Arnold, 1 J. APP. PRAC. & PROC. 204 (1999). 

The Justice of School Choice, THE WEEKLY STANDARD (December 13, 1999) (reviewing JOSEPH P. VITERITTI, CHOOSING EQUALITY: SCHOOL CHOICE, THE CONSTITUTION, AND CIVIL SOCIETY (1999)). 

Selected Commentary and Opinion Pieces 

When Catholicism was the Target, USA TODAY (Jan. 28, 2008). 

Our Real National Pastime, USA TODAY (Sept. 10, 2007). 

Carhart, Casey, and the Courtâs Catholics, JURIST (April 25, 2007). 

China's Lesson on Freedom of Religion, USA TODAY (March 26, 2007). 

What Would Lincoln Do? A Test for the Roberts Court, THE WEEKLY STANDARD (Oct. 16, 2006) (with Michael Stokes Paulsen). 

Don't Use First Amendment To Erase Divisions, LOS ANGELES DAILY JOURNAL (October 9, 2006). 

Downsizing and the Catholic Church, USA TODAY (July 16, 2006). 

Campaigning from the Pulpit: Why Not, USA TODAY (April 16, 2006). 

An Unassuming Decision, NATIONAL REVIEW ONLINE (Feb. 23, 2006). 

Two Justices Who "Get" Religion, USA TODAY (Jan. 23, 2006). 

Religious Expression Should Be Welcomed, Indianapolis Star (July 17, 2005). 

Unanimous!, National Review Online (June 1, 2005). 

How High a Wall?, Commonweal (May 2005). 

Debate Club, Legal Affairs (Feb. 2005). Hail to the Chief?" 

Law Schools and the Military, Commonweal (Jan. 2005). 

Keep it to Yourself, Commonweal (Aug. 2004). 

Crime Victims' Rights Law Riddled With Pitfalls, Chicago Sun-Times (May 3, 2004). 

Confine and Conquer: The California Supreme Court and Religious Freedom, National Review Online (March 3, 2004). 

Let Off With a Warning, Legal Affairs (Jan./Feb. 2004). 

Conservatives, Federalism, and Consistency, National Review Online (Dec. 1, 2003). 

Yes to Vouchers, Commonweal (Aug. 16, 2002). 

Future Church-State Battles Loom, The Wall Street Journal (July 1, 2002). 

Choice Win: In the Spirit of Brown, National Review Online (June 27, 2002). 

Different Views on School Choice, South Bend Tribune (Feb. 5, 2002). 

Disrobed! Actually, They Think for Themselves The Washington Post (July 1, 2001). 

A Supreme Court Ruling Bodes Well for School Vouchers, The Wall Street Journal (June 13, 2001). 

Misguided Voucher Verdict, The Washington Times (Dec. 14, 2000). 

Lieberman Talks the Talk, The Los Angeles Times (Oct. 29, 2000). 

Establishment Clause Housecleaning, National Review Online (June 28, 2000). 

The Courts and Abortion, The Weekly Standard (June 12, 2000). 

A Victory for the Family, The Wall Street Journal (June 6, 2000). 

Free the States, or Free the People?, The Legal Times (April 10, 2000). 

Why Kiryas Joel Matters, Jewish World Review (May 25, 1999). 

After 200 Years, School Choice Loses in Maine, The Wall Street Journal (May 3, 1999).

Areas of Expertise

  • Constitutional Law
  • Criminal Law & Procedure
  • Death Penalty
  • Education Reform & Policy
  • Law & Religion

In the News

It's 40 feet tall and concrete. Is 'Peace Cross' a civic or Christian symbol? (Christian Science Monitor, February 27, 2019)

Cross on Public Land Tests the Establishment Clause  (Courthouse News Service, February 27, 2019)

Supreme Court's look at Peace Cross could clarify church-state stance ...(Catholic News Service, February 26, 2019)

Will Jewish Justice Elana Kagan Keep A Christian Cross On ... (Forward, February 26, 2019)

 Supreme Court Weighs Fate of 40-Foot Cross Built as ... – Bloomberg (Bloomberg + others, February 26, 2019)

In Bladensburg Peace Cross case, Supreme Court's Elena Kagan ... (Washington Post, February 25, 2019)

Supreme Court to decide fate of cross-shaped WWI memorial in ... (ABC News, February 25, 2019)

Does a 40-foot Latin cross honoring World War I veterans violate the ... (USA Today, February 25, 2019)

Despite hearing's drama, some say Kavanaugh ... - Our Sunday Visitor (Catholic News Service +12 others, September 9, 2018)

Legal and political analysis of Kavanaugh confirmation hearings as ... (KPCC audio, September 6, 2018)

Colorado baker case hints at how Supreme Court will rule on Trump travel ban (CNBC, June 4, 2018)

US Supreme Court Issues Narrow Ruling in Same-Sex Wedding Cake ... (National Catholic Register, June 7, 2018)