Specializations: Programs of Study
The Law School provides five programs of study for students who wish to concentrate on particular legal fields and problems. These programs enable students to study established and emerging areas of law in light of modern challenges and developments. The following brief descriptions of these special programs are followed by links to more information. See also Choosing Your Curriculum at Notre Dame Law School, prepared by the faculty.
Specific Programs of Study
Program of Study in Business Law
Business attorneys usually focus on either litigation or transactions. While much of the law school curriculum prepares the student for litigation practice, the Program of Study in Business Law emphasizes transactional practice: helping clients achieve their goals efficiently and responsibly, and in ways that minimize the risks and costs of litigation. The program has three substantive dimensions: corporate law, dealing with private ordering and the organization and management of both businesses and nonprofit organizations; tax law, the study of which includes careful thinking about the incentives and externalities associated with different tax policies; and commercial law, which structures and regulates the buying, selling, planning, and financing of a wide range of enterprises.
Program of Study in Criminal Law
The Program of Study in Criminal Law will help prepare students to participate in the crucial work of ordering society and protecting the vulnerable. Prosecutors and law-enforcement agents, acting on behalf of the entire community, vindicate the rule of law and the dignity of crime victims. Defense attorneys vigorously work to make sure that both individual rights and limits on government power are respected. Consistent with the high stakes involved, the criminal law is administered through complex and highly regulated processes in the United States and, in cases involving offenses against international law, in international tribunals, such as the International Criminal Court.
Program of Study in Global Law
Whether dealing with the regulation of securities markets, the suppression of cross-border crimes, or the resolution of family law disputes, law today is inescapably global. Given the pervasively transnational nature of legal problems in todayâs world, every legal professional needs to have a familiarity with the principles, sources, processes, and institutions of law that transcend the boundaries of national legal systems. Some students, however, will discover an interest in acquiring deeper and broader expertise in this area beyond the basic courses. The Program of Studies in Global Law offers those students a guide for crafting a comprehensive educational package in international, foreign, and comparative law.
Program of Study in Law, Ethics, and Public Policy
The serious study of law is never far from the hard work of evaluation, of coming to judgments about the efficiency, reasonableness, and justice of the doctrines, rules, and statutes that are the bread-and-butter of law school classes. Legal education necessarily involves not only learning what the law is, and how it is applied and enforced, but also thinking critically about what it should be. The Program of Study in Law, Ethics, and Public Policy takes the task of critical moral evaluation and puts it at center stage.
Program of Study in Public Law
Public law regulates the structure of government and its relations with individuals and foreign nations, as well as the administration of public policy. Sound public law promotes individual well-being and the common good. The Constitution of the United States reflects one of the worldâs most influential efforts to design a government that works both well and within limits. In ever increasing ways, public law pervades legal practice and offers lawyers extensive opportunities to serve the common good. The Notre Dame Law Schoolâs Program of Study in Public Law provides a rich course of study for students interested in government lawyering, judicial clerkships, criminal justice, constitutional litigation, administrative regulation and adjudication, public policy, and many other public law fields.