Prof. Paolo Carozza, president of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), was in Strasbourg on Jan. 30 at the invitation of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) to deliver remarks on the occasion of the Court’s 50th anniversary. In attendance were about 150 high court judges from the 47 member states of the Council of Europe. The title of the event was “Fifty Years of the European Court of Human Rights Viewed by its Fellow International Courts.”
Carozza commented on the interconnections between the IACHR and the ECHR, examining what has been achieved over the years through cooperation and information sharing, and speculating “about the possible avenues of rapprochement of our regional systems in the coming decades, and how our collaboration might fruitfully continue and grow.”
View Carozza’s address in its entirety at this link: http://www.nd.edu/~ndlaw/faculty/carozza/Carozza_remarks_final.pdf
The host of the event was the President of the European Court of Human Rights Jean Paul Costa, and the other invited speakers included the President of the International Court of Justice Rosalyn Higgins, the President of the European Court of Justice Vassilios Skouris, and the President of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia Patrick Robinson.
The IACHR promotes the observance and defense of human rights in the 35 Western hemisphere nations that are members of the Organization of American States (OAS). The Commission is currently processing more than 800 cases brought by individuals or non-governmental organizations alleging human rights violations. The IACHR consists of seven independent experts, elected in their individual capacity by the General Assembly of the OAS. The Commission’s decisions enjoy a great deal of credibility especially in Central and South American countries where it has played an important role in opposing dictatorships and abusive regimes in the past.
The European Court of Human Rights is an international court with jurisdiction to rule, through binding judgments, on individual and inter-state applications alleging violations of the European Convention on Human Rights—an international treaty under which the member states of the Council of Europe promise to secure fundamental civil and political rights to their own citizens and to everyone within their jurisdiction.
Carozza joined the Notre Dame Law School faculty in 1996. He is actively involved in the work of the Center for Civil and Human Rights (CCHR) at the Law School, and serves as director of the J.S.D. program in international human rights law, administered through the CCHR. At the University of Notre Dame, he is also a fellow of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies, the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, and the Nanovic Institute for European Studies. In the current semester he is Visiting Professor of Law and John Harvey Gregory Lecturer on World Organization at Harvard Law School.