Associate Professor of Law
Director, Religious Liberty Initiative
Professor Stephanie Barclay’s research focuses on the role our different democratic institutions play in protecting minority rights, particularly at the intersection of free speech and religious exercise. Barclay’s academic writing has been published or is forthcoming in publications such as the Harvard Law Review, the Washington University Law Review, the Notre Dame Law Review, and the Boston College Law Review. Her recent article, "An Economic Approach to Religious Exemptions," was selected for the 2020 Stanford/Harvard/Yale Junior Faculty Forum.
Barclay has frequently appeared in the national media to discuss First Amendment issues, including appearances on BBC World News, Wall Street Journal Live, and Fox News. And her work has been featured in media outlets such as The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, USA Today, Bloomberg BNA, Deseret News, The Hill, and Law 360. Barclay is a Nootbaar Fellow at the Nootbaar Institute on Law, Religion, and Ethics at Pepperdine University, and a Faculty Affiliate at the Constitutional Law Center at Stanford Law School.
Barclay directs Notre Dame’s Religious Liberty Initiative, which involves promoting religious liberty scholarship, hosting events for thought leaders in this space, and launching a new Religious Liberty Clinic. Through this program, students defend religious freedom for individuals of all faiths. Students advise clients outside of the courtroom, as well as pursue their claims in the trial courts and appeals up to and including the U.S. Supreme Court.
Prior to joining the Notre Dame faculty, Barclay was an Associate Professor of Law at BYU Law, where she was twice voted Professor of the Year by her second- and third-year students. Before becoming a professor, Barclay litigated First Amendment cases full-time at The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty, where she represented many organizations and individuals at both the trial and appellate level, including before the U.S. Supreme Court. Barclay has three times been named a Washington D.C. Super Lawyer Rising Star (for 2016, 2019, and 2020). Before joining Becket, Barclay worked at Covington in Washington, D.C., where she drafted multiple Supreme Court briefs, including defending the rights of a Muslim prison inmate seeking to wear a religious beard. She served as lead counsel on multiple additional trials and appeals.
Barclay serves as the Chair for the AALS Law and Religion Section, on the Steering Committee for the Quill Project at Pembroke College, on the Board of the UVU Center for Constitutional Studies, and as a subcommittee chair for the JRCLS International Religious Freedom Committee. She graduated summa cum laude from BYU Law School, where she was elected to the Order of the Coif. Barclay also clerked for the Honorable N. Randy Smith on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
Articles and Essays
- Rethinking Protections for Indigenous Sacred Sites, 134 Harvard Law Review 1294 (2021), coauthored with Professor Michalyn Steele.
- An Economic Approach to Religious Exemptions, 72 Florida Law Review 1211 (2021) (selected for the 2020 Stanford/Harvard/Yale Junior Faculty Forum).
- The Historical Origins of Judicial Religious Exemptions, 95 Notre Dame Law Review 55 (2020).
- Untangling Entanglement, 97 Washington University Law Review 1701 (2020).
- First Amendment "Harms", 95 Indiana Law Journal 331 (2020).
- Original Meaning and the Establishment Clause: A Corpus Linguistics Analysis, 61 Arizona Law Review 505 (2019), coathored with Brady Early and Annika Boone.
- Constitutional Anomalies or As-applied Challenges? A Defense of Religious Exemptions, 59 Boston College Law Review 1595 (2018), coauthored with Professor Mark Rienzi.
- Retained by The People: Federalism, the Ultimate Sovereign, and Natural Limits on Government Power, 23 William & Mary Bill of Rights Law Journal 257 (2014).
- Fair Trade and Child Labor, 43 Columbia Human Rights Law Review 1 (2011), coauthored with Professor Shima Baradaran Baughman (cited in the New York Times).
Areas of Expertise
- Law and Religion
- Freedom of Speech
- Constitutional Law
- Appellate Advocacy
- Family Law
- Indigenous Rights
- Prisoners’ Rights