Paolo G. Carozza

Professor of Law
Concurrent Professor of Political Science
Director, Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies

Office: 2153 Eck Hall of Law
Phone: 574.631.4128
Fax: 574.631.4197
Staff Assistant: Leslie Berg
CV: View
SSRN: View

Paolo Carozza joined the Notre Dame Law School faculty in 1996. His expertise is in the areas of comparative constitutional law, human rights, law and development, and international law. He is the Director of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies, an interdisciplinary, university-wide institute focusing primarily on the themes of democracy and human development. In the Law School, he was the Director of the Center for Civil and Human Rights from 2011 through 2013 and directed its J.S.D. program in international human rights law from 2006-2016. At Notre Dame, he is also a fellow of the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, the Nanovic Institute for European Studies, the Liu Institute for Asia and Asian Studies, and the Institute for Educational Initiatives.

From 2006 to 2010 Carozza was a member of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (the principal international body responsible for the promotion and protection of human rights in the Wedstern Hemisphere), and served as its President in 2008-09. In 2009 he received the Order of Merit of Bernardo O’Higgins, the Republic of Chile’s highest state honor awarded to foreign citizens, in recognition of his service to the Inter-American human rights system. Carozza has served the Holy See in various capacities and was appointed by Pope Francis in 2016 to be a member of the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences. He has been a visiting professor at various universities in the United States, Europe, and Latin America, including as the John Harvey Gregory Lecturer on World Organization at Harvard Law School.

Carozza holds an AB from Harvard University and a JD from Harvard Law School, and was a postgraduate Ford Foundation Fellow in Public International Law at Harvard Law School. After law school, he served as a judicial clerk for the Supreme Court of the Federated States of Micronesia and worked as an associate at the Washington, D.C., law firm of Arnold & Porter.

Watch the Notre Dame Fighting for Human Rights video featuring Carozza.

Courses Taught

LAW70401, International Law
LAW70405, Comparative Legal Traditions
LAW70417, Foundations of International Human Rights Law
LAW70816, Jurisprudence
LAW 73421, Regional Human Rights Protection
LAW83429, Legal Scholarship Seminar
LAW88703, JSD Dissertation


Professor Carozza's research and writing, covers areas in human rights, comparative constitutional law, European and Latin American legal systems, and public international law, and it has focused in particular on foundational principles of human rights, such has human dignity, democracy, solidarity, and subsidiarity. His work has been published in four languages in the United States, Europe, and Latin America. His current research revolves around the relationships between law, human rights, education, and integral human development.

The following are selected recent or representative works. A complete bibliography is available on Professor Carozza's CV.


Italian Constitutional Justice In Global Context (Oxford University Press, 2016) (with Vittoria Barsotti, Marta Cartabia, and Andrea Simoncini)

Comparative Legal Traditions: Text, Materials And Cases On Western Law (West Academic Publishing, 4th ed., 2014) (with Mary Ann Glendon and Colin B. Picker)

Regional Protection of Human Rights (Oxford University Press, 2nd ed., 2013) (with Dinah Shelton)

Esperienza Elementare e Diritto (Guerini e Associati, 2011) (with Marta Cartabia, Andrea Simoncini, and Lorenza Violini)

Articles and Book Chapters

“The Problematic Applicability of Subsidiarity to International Law,” 61 American Journal of Jurisprudence 51 (2016)

“The Anglo-Latin Divide and the Future of the Inter-American System of Human Rights,” Notre Dame Journal of International and Comparative Law 5:1, Article 6 (2015), available at: ""

“On Solidarity in International Law,” a study commissioned by the Caritas in Veritate Foundation, available at ""(2014) (with Luigi Crema)

“The Right and the Good, and the Place of Freedom of Religion in Human Rights,” 40 Communio International Catholic Review, 456 (Summer-Fall 2013)

“Human Rights, Human Dignity, and Human Experience,” in Understanding Human Dignity 615 (Christopher McCrudden ed., Proceedings of the British Academy, 2013)

“Human Dignity,” in Oxford Handbook of International Human Rights Law 345 (Dinah Shelton ed., Oxford University Press, 2013)

“The Catholic Church, Human Rights and Democracy: Convergence and Conflict With the Modern State,” 15 Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 4:3 (2012) (with Daniel Philpott)

“Esboços históricos de uma tradição latino-americana da ideia de direitos humanos,” in A Realização e a Proteção Internacional dos Direitos Humanos Fundamentais—Desafios do Século XXI (Narciso Leandro Xavier Baez and Douglass Cassel eds., Editora Unoesc, 2011)

“Human Dignity in Constitutional Adjudication,” in Research Handbook in Comparative Law (Tom Ginsburg and Rosalind Dixon eds., Edward Elgar, 2011)

“I diritti umani, l'«arte» della democrazia e il «gusto per la libertà locale»,” in La Sostenibilità Della Democrazia Nel XXI Secolo (Marta Cartabia and Andrea Simoncini eds., Il Mulino, 2009)

“Il traffico dei diritti umani nell’età postmoderna,” in Il Traffico Dei Diritti Insaziabili (Luca Antonini ed., Rubbettino Editore, 2007)

“La perspectiva histórica del aporte latinoamericano al concepto de los derechos económicos, sociales y culturales,” in Derechos Económicos, Sociales y Culturales en America Latina: Del Inventivo a la Herramienta (Alicia Ely Yamin ed., Centro Internacional de Investigaciones para el Desarrollo, 2006)

“The Universal Common Good and the Authority of International Law,” 9 Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 1:28 (2006)

“From Conquest to Constitutions: Retrieving a Latin American Tradition of the Idea of Human Rights,” 25 Human Rights Quarterly 281 (2003)

““My Friend is a Stranger”: The Death Penalty and the Global Ius Commune of Human Rights,” 81 Texas Law Review 1031 (2003)

“Subsidiarity as a Structural Principle of International Human Rights Law,” 97 American Journal of International Law 38 (2003)

Areas of Expertise

  • Comparative Constitutional Law
  • European Legal Traditions
  • Human Rights Law
  • International Law
  • Latin American Legal Traditions
  • Law & Human Development