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O. CarterSnead2141 Eck Hall of Law574.631.8259574.631.8078snead.1@nd.edu
  • Faculty
  • Tenured and Tenure-Track
  • Constitutional Criminal Procedure
  • Constitutional Law
  • Criminal Law
  • Criminal Law & Procedure
  • Law & Medicine
  • Law & Science
Professor Carter Snead is an internationally recognized expert in Public Bioethics – the governance of science, medicine, and biotechnology in the name of ethical goods. His research explores issues relating to neuroethics, enhancement, stem cell research, abortion, and end-of-life decisionmaking. He has authored over forty journal articles, book chapters, and essays. His scholarly works appear in such publications as the New York University Law Review, the Harvard Law Review Forum, the Vanderbilt Law Review, Constitutional Commentary, Quaderni Costituzionali (Italy’s premier journal of constitutional law), the Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law and Ethics, the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, American Political Thought, and Political Science Quarterly. He is also the editor of two book series for the University of Notre Dame Press – Studies in Ethics and Culture and Studies in Medical Ethics. Professor Snead teaches Law &amp; Bioethics, Health Law, Torts, and Constitutional Criminal Procedure. In addition to his scholarship and teaching, Professor Snead has provided advice on the legal and public policy dimensions of bioethical questions to officials in all three branches of the U.S. government, and in several intergovernmental fora. Prior to joining the law faculty at Notre Dame, Professor Snead served as General Counsel to The President’s Council on Bioethics (Chaired by Dr. Leon R. Kass), where he was the primary drafter of the 2004 report, “Reproduction and Responsibility: The Regulation of New Biotechnologies.” He has testified in the U.S. House of Representatives on regulatory questions concerning RU-486 (the abortion pill). In 2014, he testified in the Texas state legislature on the constitutionality of a proposed fetal pain bill. Professor Snead led the U.S. government delegation to UNESCO and served as its chief negotiator for the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights (adopted in October 2005). He served (with President’s Council on Bioethics Chairman, Dr. Edmund Pellegrino) as the U.S. government’s Permanent Observer to the Council of Europe’s Steering Committee on Bioethics (CDBI), where he assisted in its efforts to elaborate international instruments and standards for the ethical governance of science and medicine. In conjunction with the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), he regularly lectures to state and federal judges on the uses of neuroimaging in the courtroom. In 2008, he was appointed by the Director-General of UNESCO to a four-year term on the International Bioethics Committee (IBC), a 36-member body of independent experts that advises member states on bioethics, law, and public policy. The IBC is the only bioethics commission in the world with a global mandate. Professor Snead received his J.D., magna cum laude, from Georgetown University (where he was elected to the Order of the Coif), and his B.A. from St. John’s College (Annapolis, MD). He clerked for the Hon. Paul J. Kelly, Jr. of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit. /assets/71716/original/snead.jpgLAW60901, Torts LAW70359, Constitutional Criminal Procedure LAW70914, Health Law LAW73828, Bioethics and the Law Seminar<b>Books and Book Chapters:</b> <i>Public Bioethics and the Problem of Persons</i> (manuscript-in-progress). <i>Technology and the American Constitution</i> in ELOISE SCOTFORD, KAREN YEUNG, AND ROGER BROWNSWORD, EDS., THE OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS HANDBOOK ON THE LAW AND REGULATION OF TECHNOLOGY (OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 2015) (invited) (in progress). <i>The Complexity of Catholicism: Politics and Public Bioethics</i>, in JASON T. EBERL, ET AL., EDS., CATHOLIC PERSPECTIVES ON BIOETHICS (SPRINGER 2015) (in progress) <i>Catholicism and Abortion</i>, in ALIREZA BAGHERI, ED., RELIGIOUS AND NONRELIGIOUS PERSPECTIVES ON ABORTION (University of Notre Dame Press 2015) (in progress). <i>Autonomy and Individual Responsibility</i>, in HENK TEN HAVE &amp; BERD GORDIJN, EDS., COMPENDIUM OF GLOBAL BIOETHICS (WITH KELLI MULDER-WESTRATE) (SPRINGER 2014). <i>Human Dignity in U.S. Law,</i> in THE CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS HANDBOOK ON HUMAN DIGNITY (Roger Brownsword, ed.) (Cambridge University Press 2014) (peer reviewed) (in press). <i>Human Dignity in American Public Bioethics</i> in HUMAN DIGNITY IN BIOETHICS: FROM WORLDVIEWS TO THE PUBLIC SQUARE (Stephen C. Dilley &amp; Nathan J. Palpant, eds.) (Routledge 2013) (invited contribution) (peer reviewed). <i>Cognitive Neuroscience and the Future of Punishment,</i> in CONSTITUTION 3.0: FREEDOM AND TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE, PP. 130-155 (Jeffrey Rosen &amp; Benjamin Wittes, eds.) (Brookings Press 2011) (invited contribution) (peer reviewed). <b>Articles and Essays:</b> <i>A Review of</i> DENNIS PATTERSON &amp; MICHAEL PARDO, MINDS, BRAINS, AND THE LAW: THE CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS OF LAW AND NEUROSCIENCE (OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 2013), <i>in</i> JURISPRUDENCE (invited) (in progress). <i>A Review of</i> NATHANIEL PERSILY, GILLIAN E. METZGER, AND TREVOR W. MORRISON, EDS., THE HEALTH CARE CASE: THE SUPREME COURT’S DECISION AND ITS IMPLICATIONS, (OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 2013) <i>in</i> AMERICAN POLITICAL THOUGHT (invited) (in progress). <a href=""><i>RFRA Post-Hobby Lobby: What Now?,</i></a> SCOTUSblog, (Supreme Court of the United State Blog), July 3, 2014 (invited essay in online academic symposium). <a href=""><i>Cline vs. Oklahoma Coalition for Reproductive Justice: Once More unto the Breach,</i></a> SCOTUSBLOG (SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES BLOG), September 16, 2013 (invited essay in online academic symposium). <i>On the Patentability of Genetic Resources</i> (white paper prepared at the request of the Diplomatic Corps of the Holy See) (with Joseph Ganahl) (July 2013). <i>Memory and Punishment,</i> 64 VANDERBILT LAW REVIEW 1195 (2011). <i>Science, Public Bioethics, and the Problem of Integration,</i> 43 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, DAVIS LAW REVIEW 1529-1604 (2010), cited in Sherley v. Sebelius, 644 F.3d 388 (D.C. Cir. 2011). <i>Response to Nicholas Boyle's 'God, Sex, and America: The Decline of the Common Morality, Power, and the Emergence of a Global Ethical Life</i>,' 3 JOURNAL OF LAW, PHILOSOPHY, AND CULTURE 273-276 (2009) (peer reviewed symposium issue). <i>Public Bioethics and the Bush Presidency</i>, 32 HARV. J. OF L. &amp; PUB. POL. 867 (2009). <i><a href="">Unenumerated Rights and the Limits of Analogy: A Critique of the Right to Medical Self-Defense,</a></i> 121 Harv. L. Rev. F. 1-12 (2007). (invited response to Eugene Volokh, _Medical Self-Defense, Prohibited Experimental Therapies, and Payment for Organs_, 120 Harvard L. Rev. 813 (2007)). <i><a href="">Neuroimaging and the 'Complexity' of Capital Punishment,</a></i> 82 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 1265-1339 (2007). <i><a href="">The (Suprising) Truth about Schiavo: A Defeat for the Cause of Autonomy,</a></i> 22 Const. Comm. 101 (2005) (peer reviewed). <i>The Patentability of Human Embryos in the U.S. and E.U.: A Comparative Perspective</i> __ Quaderni Costituzionali __ (with Professor Lorenza Violini, University of Milan) (in progress). <i>The Law and Policy of Embryo Research in America</i>, HUMAN REPRODUCTION AND GENETIC ETHICS (Equinox 2011)(peer reviewed UK journal). <i>The Limits of Federal Funding for Embryo Research in America: A Recent Conflict,</i> __ QUADERNI COSTITUZIONALI __ (in draft). <i>Persone incapaci e decisioni di fine vita (con uno sguardo oltreoceano)(Incapacitated Persons and End of Life Decisionmaking (with an Across-the-Ocean View)),</i> 1 QUADERNI COSTITUZIONALI 7-34 (2010) (with Andrea Simoncini) (peer reviewed). <i>Il finanziamento delle ricerche sulle cellule staminali in Europa e negli USA (A Comparative Analysis of E.U. and U.S. Funding Policies for Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Details, Aims, and Effects),</i> 4 Quaderni Costituzionali 834 (2006) (translated from English to Italian by Prof. Stefania Ninatti) (invited submission) (peer reviewed). <i><a href="">The Pedagogical Significance of the Bush Stem Cell Policy: A Window into the Nature of Bioethical Regulation in the U.S.,</a></i> 5 Yale J. Health Pol'y, L. &amp; Ethics 491 (2005) (peer reviewed) (invited submission) (reprinted in Judith F. Daar, Reproductive Technologies and the Law (Lexis 2005) (peer reviewed) (invited submission) (reprinted in Judith F. Daar, Reproductive Technologies and the Law (Lexis 2012)). <i><a href="">Dynamic Complementarity: Terri's Law and Separation of Powers Principles in the End-of-Life Context,</a></i> 57 Fla. L. Rev. 53 (2005). <i><a href="">Preparing the Groundwork for a Responsible Debate on Stem Cell Research and Cloning,</a></i> 39 New Eng. L. Rev. 701 (2005) (keynote address for symposium). <i>Federal Criminal Conspiracy,</i> 35 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 739 (1998) (Co-Author). <i>Bioetica Pubblica e Incommensurabilita</i>, ATLANTIDE, ANNO VIII, NUMERO 26, 2/2012 (peer reviewed). <i>Bioethics and Self-Governance: The Lessons of the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights,</i> JOURNAL OF MEDICINE AND PHILOSOPHY, 34: 204-222 (2009) (invited contribution to symposium issue) (peer reviewed). <i>A Review of Helena Silverstein’s HOW COURTS FAIL PREGNANT MINORS</i> (NYU Press 2007), 123 POLITICAL SCIENCE QUARTERLY 343-345 (Summer 2008) (invited book review) (peer reviewed). <i>Neuroimaging and Capital Punishment,</i> 19 THE NEW ATLANTIS: A JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY 35 (2008) <i>Neuroimaging, Entrapment, and the Predisposition to Crime,</i> 7 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BIOETHICS 60-61 (2007) (invited Peer Commentary) (peer reviewed). <i>Assessing UNESCO’s Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights,</i> 7 NATIONAL CATHOLIC BIOETHICS QUARTERLY 53-71 (Spring 2007) (invited essay) (peer reviewed). <i><a href="">Technology and the Constitution,</a></i>: 5 The New Atlantis: A Journal of Technology and Society 61 (Spring 2004) (invited essay). <i>U.S. Foreign Aid and Bioethics,</i> FEDERALIST SOCIETY NEW FEDERAL INITIATIVES PROJECT, April 23, 2009 (invited white paper) <i>Embryonic Stem Cell Research,</i> FEDERALIST SOCIETY NEW FEDERAL INITIATIVES PROJECT, May 19, 2010 (invited white paper) <b>Selected Commentary:</b> <i>The Constitutionality of the Texas Fetal Pain Bill (SB1)</i>, PUBLIC DISCOURSE, July 9, 2013 (invited essay). <i>Una Costituzione Bioetica?,</i> IL SOLE 24 ORE, January 13, 2013. <i>Religious Liberty and the Obama Administration</i>, FIRST THINGS, March 2012 (invited essay). Op-Ed, <i>Planned Parenthood’s Hostages,</i> WALL STREET JOURNAL, February 6, 2012 (with Robert P. George). Op-Ed, <i>Respect for Ethics Enabled Stem Cell Coup,</i> CHICAGO TRIBUNE, Monday, December 3, 2007, 22 (on new technique for derivation of non-embryonic pluripotent cells). Op-Ed, <i>Bush Sticks to Principles, Limits Government's Role,</i> INDIANAPOLIS STAR, July 24, 2006 (on the veto of a bill seeking to modify the federal funding policy for embryonic stem cell research). <i>Conscience, Coercion, and Healthcare,</i> PUBLIC DISCOURSE, September 26, 2011 (with Helen Alvare and Gerard V. Bradley) (invited essay). <i>Protect the Weak and Vulnerable: The Primacy of the Life Issue</i>, PUBLIC DISCOURSE, August 22, 2011 (invited essay).<a href=";id=31b5af7522&amp;e=26b14a237a">WSBT Fact Finder: Indiana's feticide law</a> (Quotes: O. Carter Snead) - WSBT, July 16, 2013 <a href=";id=3229a9f372&amp;e=26b14a237a">The Constitutionality of Protecting Unborn Babies at 20 Weeks</a> - Real Clear Politics (By: O.Carter Snead), July 10, 2013 <a href="">The Constitutionality of Protecting Unborn Babies at 20 Weeks</a> Testimony delivered on July 8th before the Texas State Senate Committee on Health and Human Services. <a href=";id=7edc8a9b0e&amp;e=26b14a237a">Texas Senators Reopen Debate on Abortion Regulations</a> (Quotes: O. Carter Snead) - The Texas Tribune, July 8, 2013 <a href="">UK takes step toward 'three-parent babies'</a> (Quotes: O. Carter Snead) - CNN, June 28, 2013 <a href=",0,6830704.story">Supreme Court rejects ban on funding Planned Parenthood</a> (Quotes: O. Carter Snead) - Los Angeles Times, May 28, 2013 <a href="">ND Expert: Creation, destruction of cloned human embryos an "injustice"</a> - May 16, 2013 <a href="">ND Expert: Justice served in life sentence for Gosnell</a> - May 15, 2013 <a href=";page=2">Abortion doctor convicted of murder waives appeal, avoids death sentence</a> (Quotes: O. Carter Snead) - CNN, May 15, 2013 <a href="">Why Did Notre Dame End Donations to the Fund to Protect Human Life?</a> - Life News (Opinion by O. Carter Snead), March 11, 2013 Panelist on session entitled, "Can Politics be Hospitable to Life?", part of the 2013 National Review Institute the “Future of Conservatism” summit. <a href="">Video</a> (40 minutes) - C-Span - January 25, 2013 <a href=";p=2">Una Costituzione bioetica?</a> Il Sole 24 Ore (By: O.Carter Snead) - January 13, 2013 <a href=";q=;ct=ga&amp;cad=CAcQAhgAIAAoATAAOABAiNbVhQVIAVAAWABiBWVuLVVT&amp;cd=rR_OfDkYMvs&amp;usg=AFQjCNERMnkCT4PNQnPC2rEMVzNE70Exag">Conference explores virtue of justice in Catholic moral tradition</a> Today's Catholic News - November 27, 2012 <a href="">Catholic institutions sue government</a>, CNN with Soledad O’Brien, May 22, 2012 <a href="">The abortion issue comes back to life</a> – The Globe and Mail (Canada), March 26, 2010 (Quotes: O. Carter Snead, Associate Professor of Law) <a href="">Prof. Snead on BBC addressing politics of abortion</a> – January 29, 2010 <a href="">NDExpert: Law school’s Snead says embryonic decision abandons moral neutrality</a> – March 9, 2009 <a href="">NDExpert: Law School Professor Snead dismayed by President Obama’s abortion funding decision</a> – January 26, 2009 <a href="">NDExpert: ND Law School professor Snead praises Vatican bioethics document as "eminently reasonable"</a> – December 16, 2008 <a href="">Law professor Snead to speak at neurotics meeting</a> – October 27, 2008William P. and Hazel B. White Director of the Center for Ethics and Culture</br>Professor of Law<a href="">Beth Ferrettie</a> 
PaoloCarozzaG.3158 Eck Hall of Law574.631.4128574.631.4197pcarozza@nd.edu
  • Faculty
  • Tenured and Tenure-Track
  • Comparative Constitutional Law
  • European Legal Traditions
  • Human Rights Law
  • International Law
  • Latin American Legal Traditions
  • Law & Human Development
Paolo Carozza’s expertise is in the areas of comparative law, human rights, and international law, and his extensive writings in these areas have been published in Europe and Latin America as well as in the United States. From 2006 to 2010 he was a member of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and served as its President in 2008-09. At Notre Dame, he is the Director of the Kellogg Institute for international Studies, an interdisciplinary, university-wide institute focusing primarily on the themes of democracy and human development. In the Law School, he was the Director of the Center for Civil and Human Rights from 2011 through 2013 and continues to direct its <a href="">J.S.D. program in international human rights law</a>, and the Law School's <a href="">Program on Law and Human Development</a>. He is also a fellow of the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies and of the Nanovic Institute for European Studies. Professor Carozza earned both his A.B. and J.D. degrees from Harvard, and pursued graduate studies at Cambridge University and at Harvard Law School as a Ford Foundation Fellow in Public International Law. After law school, he served as a judicial clerk for the Supreme Court of the Federated States of Micronesia and worked as an associate at the Washington, D.C., law firm of Arnold &amp; Porter. Watch the Notre Dame <a href="">Fighting for Human Rights"</a> video featuring Professor Carozza. /assets/77913/original/carozza.jpgLAW70405, Comparative Legal Traditions LAW70401, International Law LAW70417, Introduction to International Human Rights LAW70816, Jurisprudence LAW 73421, Regional Human Rights Protection LAW83429, Legal Scholarship Seminar LAW88703, JSD DissertationProfessor Carozza's research and writing covers areas inhuman rights, comparative constitutional law, European and Latin American legal systems, and public international law. His many writings in these areas have been published in several languages, in the United States, Europe, and Latin America.The following are selected recent or representative works. A complete bibliography is available on Professor Carozza's CV. <i>Regional Protection of Human Rights</i> (with Dinah Shelton) (Oxford University Press, 2nd ed., 2012) <i>Comparative Legal Traditions: Text, Materials And Cases On Western Law</i> (with Mary Ann Glendon and Colin B. Picker) (West Publishing, 3rd ed., 2007) “The Catholic Church, Human Rights and Democracy: Convergence and Conflict With the Modern State” (with Daniel Philpott) in <i>Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture</i> 15, 3 (2012) Esperienza Elementare e Diritto (with Marta Cartabia, Andrea Simoncini, and Lorenza Violini) (Guerini e Associati, 2011); “Esboços históricos de uma tradição latino-americana da ideia de direitos humanos,” in Narciso Leandro Xavier Baez and Douglass Cassel, eds., <i>A Realização e a Proteção Internacional dos Direitos Humanos Fundamentais—Desafios do Século XXI</i> (Editora Unoesc, 2011) “Human Dignity in Constitutional Adjudication” in Tom Ginsburg and Rosalind Dixon, eds., <i>Research Handbook in Comparative Law</i> (Edward Elgar, 2011) “I diritti umani, l'«arte» della democrazia e il «gusto per la libertà locale»,” in Marta Cartabia and Andrea Simoncini, eds., <i>La Sostenibilità Della Democrazia Nel XXI Secolo</i> (Il Mulino, 2009) “Il traffico dei diritti umani nell’età postmoderna,” in Luca Antonini ed., <i>Il Traffico Dei Diritti Insaziabili</i> (Rubbettino Editore, 2007) “La perspectiva histórica del aporte latinoamericano al concepto de los derechos económicos, sociales y culturales,” in Alicia Ely Yamin ed., <i>Derechos Económicos, Sociales y Culturales en America Latina: Del Inventivo a la Herramienta</i> (Centro Internacional de Investigaciones para el Desarrollo, 2006) “The Universal Common Good and the Authority of International Law,”<i> Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture</i> 28 (2006) ”From Conquest to Constitutions: Retrieving a Latin American Tradition of the Idea of Human Rights,” <i>Human Rights Quarterly</i> 25 (2003) “My Friend is a Stranger”: The Death Penalty and the Global Ius Commune of Human Rights, <i>Texas Law Review</i> 81 (2003) “Subsidiarity as a Structural Principle of International Human Rights Law,” <i>American Journal of International Law</i> 97 (2003).Director, Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies<br/>Director, JSD Program in International Human Rights Law<br/>Concurrent Professor of Political ScienceLeslie Berg 
PatriciaBelliaL.3157 Eck Hall of Law574.631.3866574.631.4197Patricia.L.Bellia.2@nd.edu
  • Faculty
  • Tenured and Tenure-Track
  • Constitutional Law
  • Cyberlaw
  • Electronic Privacy
  • Intellectual Property Law
  • Internet Policy
Patricia L. Bellia teaches and researches in the areas of constitutional law, administrative law, cyberlaw, electronic surveillance law, and copyright law. She is co-author of a leading cyberlaw casebook and has published several articles on internet law (particularly surveillance and privacy issues) and separation of powers. Professor Bellia joined the Notre Dame faculty in 2000 and has also served as a visiting professor at the University of Virginia Law School (2007). Professor Bellia earned her A.B. summa cum laude from Harvard University in 1991, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. Before attending the Yale Law School, she worked at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, serving as an editor for Foreign Policy magazine and co-authoring a book on self-determination movements. At Yale, she served as editor-in-chief of the Yale Law Journal, executive editor of the Yale Journal of International Law, and student director of the Immigration Legal Services clinic. Upon graduation in 1995, she clerked for Judge José A. Cabranes of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and Associate Justice Sandra Day O’Connor of the Supreme Court of the United States. Following her clerkships, Professor Bellia worked for three years as an attorney-advisor in the Office of Legal Counsel of the United States Department of Justice. Since 2009, Professor Bellia has served as the chair of the University’s Faculty Board on Athletics (FBA), the principal advisory group to the President on educational issues related to intercollegiate athletics. The committee monitors data on the admission of student-athletes and their academic performance, progress toward degrees, and graduation rates. It also assesses the effectiveness of institutional support for student-athletes. In addition to chairing the FBA, Professor Bellia serves as Notre Dame’s faculty athletics representative to the National Collegiate Athletic Association. /assets/71522/original/bellia_p.jpgLAW70315, Administrative Law LAW60307, Constitutional Law LAW70135, Cyberlaw LAW70323, Copyright and the Constitution<b>Scholarly Articles and Chapters</b> <i><a href="">WikiLeaks and the Institutional Framework for National Security Disclosures</a></i>, 121 YALE L.J. 1448 (2012). <i><a href="">Designing Surveillance Law</a></i>, 43 ARIZ. ST. L.J. 293 (2011) (contribution to symposium honoring Sandra Day O’Connor). <i><a href="">Federalization in Information Privacy Law</a></i>, 118 Yale L.J. 868 (2009). <i><a href="">The Story of the Steel Seizure Case</a></i>, in Presidential Power Stories 233-285 (Curtis Bradley &amp; Christopher Schroeder eds., Foundation Press 2008). <i><a href="">Fourth Amendment Protection for Stored E-Mail</a></i>, 2008 U. Chi. Legal F. 121 (with Susan Freiwald). <i><a href="">The Memory Gap in Surveillance Law</a></i>, 75 U. Chi. L. Rev. 137 (2008). <i><a href="">The 'Lone Wolf' Amendment and the Future of Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Law</a></i>, 50 Vill. L. Rev. 425 (2005). <i><a href="">Spyware and the Limits of Surveillance Law</a></i>, 20 Berkeley Tech. L.J.1283-1344 (2005). <i><a href="">Defending Cyberproperty</a></i>, 79 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 2164 (2004). <i><a href="">Surveillance Law through Cyberlaw's Lens</a></i>, 72 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 1375 (2004). <i><a href="">Executive Power in Youngstown's Shadows</a></i>, 19 Const. Comm. 87 (2002). <i><a href="">Chasing Bits Across Borders</a></i>, 2001 U. Chi. Legal F. 35. <b>Works in Progress</b> PCAOB <i>and the Persistence of the Removal Puzzle</i>, 80 GEORGE WASHINGTON LAW REVIEW __ (forthcoming 2012) <b>Books and Book Segments</b> Cyberlaw: Problems of Policy and Jurisprudence in the Information Age (<a href="">West Group, 4th ed. 2011</a>) Teacher's Manual (3d ed. 2007) (with Paul Schiff Berman, Brett M. Frischmann and David G. Post) The Law of Electronic Surveillance (West Group, 2002) (with semi-annual Supplements) (with Judge James G. Carr) Self-Determination in the New World Order (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1992) (with Morton H. Halperin and David J. Scheffer) <b>Other Articles</b> <i>The Fourth Amendment Status of Stored E-Mail: The Law Professors' Brief in Warshak v. United States,</i> 41 U.S.F. L. Rev. (2007) (with Susan Freiwald) <i>The Fourth Amendment and Emerging Communications Technologies,</i> 4 Security &amp; Privacy 20-28 (May-June 2006). <b>Legal Briefs</b> <a href="">Brief for Amici Curiae Professors of Electronic Privacy Law and Internet Law Opposing the Petition of the United States for Rehearing En Banc, Warshak v. United States, No. 06-4092</a> (6th Cir. tendered Sep. 6, 2007) (with Susan Freiwald) <a href="">Brief on Rehearing En Banc for Senator Patrick J. Leahy as Amicus Curiae Supporting the United States and Favoring Reversal, United States v. Councilman, No. 03-1383</a> (1st Cir. filed Nov. 12, 2004) (with Professor Peter P. Swire, Moritz College of Law, Ohio State University) <a href="">Brief for Professors of Electronic Privacy Law and Internet Law as Amici Curiae Supporting the Appellee and Urging Affirmance, United States v. Warshak, No. 06-4092</a> (6th Cir. filed Nov. 22, 2006) (with Professor Susan Freiwald, University of San Francisco School of Law)<a href="">Professor Patricia Bellia wins Honorary Monogram at Notre Dame Football Awards Show</a> - December 14, 2011 <a href="">Prof. Bellia brings practical experience to new role</a> - September 18, 2009 <a href="">Prof. Patricia Bellia appointed chair of Faculty Board on Athletics</a> - July 09, 2009 <a href="">Featured Faculty on the NDLS home page: Patricia L. Bellia</a> – December 15, 2008 <a href="">Provost announces faculty promotions, new Web site</a> - May 21, 2008William J. and Dorothy K. O’Neill Professor of Law<a href="">Gloria Krull</a> 
PatriciaCavanaugh1335 Biolchini   Ms. Cavanaugh joined the Notre Dame Law School Admissions staff as the Alumni Volunteer Coordinator in January, 2006. Over 250 Law School Alumni from across the country generously donate their time to attend law days and forums, to sponsor Fall information sessions for prospective applicants, to host Spring luncheons for admitted applicants, and to do general outreach. She coordinates the participation of the alumni in these recruiting events throughout the academic year. Admissions Assistant 
PatriciaMcLaughlin1153 Eck Hall of
  • Staff
  Patti, a 1990 graduate of NDLS, returned to Notre Dame in 2009. A New York native who practiced in NYC upon completion of her JD, she now calls South Bend home. In 2011, she initiated her career at Notre Dame in the Marketing and Communications department of Annual Giving and began her work with Law School in May of 2013. Prior to joining the staff at Notre Dame, she taught Spanish at multiple institutions of Catholic education.
  • Development Office
/assets/138842/fullsize/patti_mclaughlin.jpgAssociate Director, Law Annual Giving 
PatriciaO'Hara1117 Eck Hall of
  • Faculty
  • Tenured and Tenure-Track
  • Agency
  • Business Associations
  • Corporations
  • Legal Education
  • Partnerships
  • Securities Regulation
Patricia A. O’Hara joined the faculty of the Law School in 1981, received tenure in 1987 and became a full professor in 1990. That same year she was elected by the University’s Board of Trustees as vice president for student affairs, the first woman to serve as an officer of the University. As vice president for student affairs, Professor O’Hara had oversight responsibility for eleven departments responsible for student life outside the classroom, as well as the University’s undergraduate residence halls and graduate student housing. In 1999 she was appointed dean of the Law School and served in that capacity for ten years. During her tenure as dean, the $57.6M construction of Eck Hall of Law and renovation of Biolchini Hall were conceived, designed, and funded. Following a sabbatical, Professor O’Hara returned to the faculty during the 2010-2011 academic year. Her areas of academic interest include business associations and securities regulation, as well as higher education in general and legal education in particular as informed by her administrative experience. Professor O’Hara served as a member of the Board of Trustees of the Law School Admissions Council (LSAC) from 2005-2011 and as Council Secretary from 2011-2013. During her tenure on the LSAC Board, she chaired the Test Development and Research Committee of that organization from 2009-2011, and she chaired the 2010 LSAC Nominating Committee. During her tenure as dean, she chaired the Section for the Law School Dean of the American Association of Law Schools in 2008, co-chaired the Dean’s Workshop at the 2007 mid-year meeting of the American Bar Association, chaired the Nominating Committee of the American Association of Law Schools in 2005-2006 and served on a variety of other committees for both organizations, including the AALS Committee on Bar Admission and Lawyer Performance and planning committees for the ABA’s annual seminar for new law school deans. Prior to her service as a University officer and dean, she served as a member of the Committee on Infractions of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) from 1988-1990 Closer to home, Professor O’Hara served as a member of the Lay Review Board for the Diocese of Fort Wayne – South Bend under the Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People adopted by the United States Catholic Conference of Bishops from 2002-2011. She currently serves as a member of the Advisory Board to Notre Dame’s Alliance for Catholic Education. A native of the San Francisco Bay Area and a summa cum laude undergraduate of Santa Clara University, Professor O’Hara was a Kiley Fellow at Notre Dame Law School. She graduated from the Law School summa cum laude and first in her class in 1974. Prior to entering the academy, she practiced corporate law for six years with Brobeck, Phleger, and Harrison in San Francisco. Professor O’Hara has received a number of awards recognizing her service to the University, the Law School, and the Congregation of Holy Cross, as well as her deep commitment to Notre Dame’s distinctive mission. The Congregation of Holy Cross presented her with the Howard J. Kenna Award in 1997 and with one of the inaugural Spirit of Holy Cross Awards in 2008. She received the St. Thomas More Award from the Notre Dame Law Association in 2009. The Notre Dame Alumni Association chose her as the 2010 recipient of the James E. Armstrong Award. Father John Jenkins honored her with the 2010 Presidential Award for her service in the spirit of Father Edward Sorin, the University’s founder. /assets/110442/original/ohara_8_2013_web.jpgLAW70101 Business Associations LAW70107 Securities Regulation LAW73313 Law of Higher Education Seminar<b>Book Segments</b> <i>Churning Claims Under Federal Securities Law</i>, in Contemporary Issues in Securities Regulation 325 (M. Steinberg ed., Butterworth Legal Publishers 1988). <i>Legal Aspects of Insider Trading</i>, in Ethics and the Investment Industry 101 (John Houck and Rev. Oliver F. Williams, C.S.C., eds., Notre Dame Center for Ethics and Religious Values in Business and University Press of America 1989). <b>Articles</b> <i>The Elusive Concept of Control in Churning Claims Under Federal Securities and Commodities Law</i>, 75 Georgetown Law Journal 1875 (1987); reprinted in 21 Securities Law Review 281 (1989). <i>Erosion of the Privity Requirement in Section 12(2) of the Securities Act of 1933: The Expanded Meaning of Seller</i>, 31 UCLA Law Review 921 (1984); cited in Pinter v. Dahl, 486 U.S. 622, 648 n. 24 (1988). Professor of Law<a href="">LuAnn Nate</a>
  • Faculty
  • Concurrent Professor, Law<br/> Chair; Madden-Hennebry Professor of History 
PatrickSalvi1100 Eck Hall of
  • Faculty
  • Adjunct
 Patrick A. Salvi earned his B.A. in Political Science, Cum Laude, from St. Mary’s University of Minnesota in 1975. He earned his J.D., from Notre Dame in 1978. Today, Mr. Salvi is regarded as one of the most prominent personal injury trial attorneys in the country. His law firm, Salvi Schostok &amp; Pritchard is an Illinois-based Plaintiff law firm handling cases across the country. The firm concentrates its practice in medical malpractice, catastrophic injury, wrongful death, aviation and product liability cases. By his peers, Mr. Salvi was named to the <i>Illinois Super Lawyers</i> Top 10 List in 2014, out of more than 90,000 lawyers in the state. Mr. Salvi has also been listed in <i>The Best Lawyers in America</i> by Woodward/White, Inc. and received the “Highest Rating for Legal Ability and General Recommendation” from Martindale Hubbell American Law Directory and was named one of the “Top 10 Personal Injury Attorneys in Illinois” by <i>Leading Lawyer Magazine</i>. Mr. Salvi was also the recipient of a 2011 and 2012 Award of Trial Lawyer Excellence by The Jury Verdict Reporter and Law Bulletin Publishing Company. He is also a former President of the Illinois Trial Lawyers Association, a fellow in the International Academy of Trial Lawyers, was appointed by the Illinois Supreme Court to serve on the Committee that drafts Jury Instructions in civil cases. Additionally, Mr. Salvi is Chairman of the Law School Advisory Council for the University of Notre Dame Law School. For the past 33-years, Mr. Salvi’s law firm has been dedicated to helping families recover both emotionally and economically by providing the highest professional and ethical legal representation. Mr. Salvi has won 200 multi-million dollar settlements and jury verdicts totaling more than $900 million. /assets/139818/257x/patrick_salvi_2014.jpgLAW75712, Personal Injury LitigationAdjunct Faculty<a href="">Rebecca Ward</a> 
PaulHarold1100 Eck Hall of LawPaul.E.Harold.2@nd.edu
  • Faculty
  • Adjunct
 Paul focuses his practice on business litigation and labor and employment litigation and counseling. Before joining the Firm, Paul served two years as a law clerk to the Honorable Daniel A. Manion of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit and two years as a law clerk to the Honorable J. Leon Holmes of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas. During his clerkships, Paul assisted these federal trial and appellate court judges in conducting legal research and analyzing a broad range of issues presented in cases before the courts and drafting judicial opinions. His clerkship experience included an emphasis on employment matters, which dominate the federal judiciary's civil docket. Paul earned his J.D. <i>magna cum laude</i> from Notre Dame Law School in 2005, where he served as the Articles Editor of the <i>Notre Dame Law Review</i> and President of the St. Thomas More Society. He graduated <i>summa cum laude</i> from Franciscan University of Steubenville in 2002, receiving a B.A. in History and a B.S. in Mathematics. Paul is admitted to practice before all state and federal courts in Indiana, as well as the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, the United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan, and the United States Courts of Appeals for the Sixth and Seventh Circuits. Adjunct Professor<a href="">Rebecca Ward</a> 
PaulPeralta1100 Eck Hall of
  • Faculty
  • Adjunct
  LAW70109, Business TortsAdjunct Faculty<a href="">Rebecca Ward</a>