|Kristine||Kalanges||2144 Eck Hall of Lawemail@example.com||http://www.nd.edu/~ndlaw/faculty/cv/kalanges_cv.pdf|
- Comparative Legal Traditions
- International Political Economy
- Law and Development
- Legal and Political Philosophy
- Religion and Human Rights
|Kristine Kalanges is Associate Professor of Law at the University of Notre Dame, where her teaching and research interests include: democracy, development and human rights; international and comparative law; international political economy; legal and political philosophy; and religious freedom. Her first book, <i>Religious Liberty in Western and Islamic Law: Toward a World Legal Tradition</i> (Oxford University Press, 2012), explored the comparative effects of religious beliefs and practices on constitutions and international human rights. Her current book project, <i>Transcendence and the Just Order</i>, bridges theology, Continental political thought and jurisprudence to argue that freedom of the church is necessary for interrupting the totalitarian tendencies of the modern state and market and achieving true justice.
Born and raised in the Pacific Northwest, Professor Kalanges joined the Notre Dame faculty in 2012, where she is a faculty fellow in the Kellogg Institute for International Studies and the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies. Beginning in 2014, she will also be an Associate Scholar with the Religious Freedom Project at Georgetown University's Berkley Center for Religion, Peace & World Affairs. Previously, she was an assistant professor of Justice, Law & Society in the School of Public Affairs at American University. She also practiced corporate law in the New York office of Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton and served in Washington, D.C. as a law clerk for the U.S. Department of Justice.
In 2008, Professor Kalanges received a J.D. from Yale Law School, where she was a John M. Olin Fellow in Law, Economics and Public Policy, and a Ph.D. from Georgetown University, where she was a Graduate Fellow in International Relations. She also holds a M.A. in Government from Georgetown University and a B.A. from the University of Puget Sound, where she majored in International Political Economy. Prior to undertaking graduate studies, she spent two years in Seattle’s private sector, providing research, marketing, and communications services for technology and consulting firms.
|| ||/assets/73423/original/kalanges.jpg||Comparative Law
LAW70437, International Business Transactions
||<b>Books & Book Chapters</b>
<i>Sharia and Modernity</i> in ASHGATE RESEARCH COMPANION TO ISLAMIC LAW, eds. Peri Bearman and Ruud Peters, Forthcoming.
RELIGIOUS LIBERTY IN WESTERN AND ISLAMIC LAW: TOWARD A WORLD LEGAL TRADITION
(Oxford University Press, 2012).
<i>Hobbes and the Political Theology of Pluralism</i> (in progress) in JURISPRUDENCE, Forthcoming.
<i>Religious Liberty: Between Strategy and Telos</i> in 11 REVIEW OF FAITH IN INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS, 28-31 (Winter 2013).
<em>Taking God Seriously: Why Religion is Essential to the Defense of Religious Human Rights</em> 2011
FIDES ET LIBERTAS 37-58 (2011).
Talking Points on Report of the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief, Heiner Bielefeldt, A/HRC/22/51, Human Rights Council, UN, Geneva. Prepared for the Caritas in Veritate Foundation, May 2013.
Contributor, INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY, David N. Balaam and Bradford Dillman, eds. (Longman, 2nd ed. 2000, 3rd ed. 2004, 5th ed. 2010).
<i>Transcendence and the Just Order</i> (book manuscript)
<i>Law as Cultural Contestation: Religious Freedom and Islam in Europe and the United States</i>
<i>Global Justice and International Economic Law: The Critical Contribution of World Religions</i>
||Associate Professor of Law||<a href="mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org">Gloria Krull</a>|
|Lloyd||Mayer||Hitoshi||1106 Eck Hall of Lawemail@example.com||http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=504775||http://www.nd.edu/~ndlaw/faculty/cv/mayer_cv.pdf|
- Teaching and Research
- Churches & Politics
- Election Law
- Federal Income Taxation
- Institutional Choice Theory
- Non-profit Organizations
- Tax Law & Policy
|Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer joined the faculty as an associate professor of law in 2005 and became a full professor and associate dean in 2011. He earned his A.B., with distinction and honors, from Stanford University in 1989 and his J.D. from Yale Law School in 1994. While at Yale, he was a John M. Olin Fellow in Law and Economics and served as business editor of the Yale Law and Policy Review and as an editor of the Yale Journal on Regulation. Following graduation, he clerked for the Honorable Lowell A. Reed, Jr., United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. He then joined Caplin & Drysdale in Washington, D.C., first as an associate and later as a member, where he concentrated on tax issues, particularly for nonprofit organizations. He teaches courses at Notre Dame Law School in federal income taxation, business enterprise taxation, election law, and not-for-profit organizations. He also lectures at the Notre Dame Mendoza College of Business on legal issues facing nonprofit organizations.
Professor Mayer’s areas of research interest and expertise include advocacy by nonprofit organizations, the growing intersection of election law and tax law with respect to lobbying and other political activity, and the role of nonprofits both domestically and internationally.|| ||/assets/71666/original/mayer.jpg||LAW70121, Not-For-Profit Organizations
LAW70369, Election Law
LAW70605, Federal Income Taxation
LAW70609, Taxation of Business Enterprises||<a href="http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2256539"><i>Taxing Social Enterprise,</i></a>66 Stanford Law Review (forthcoming 2014).
<a href="http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2033306"><i>Nonprofits, Politics, and Privacy,</i></a> 62 Case Western Res. L. Rev. 801 (2012).
<a href="http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1666421"><i>The "Independent" Sector: Fee-for-Service Charity and the Limits of Autonomy,</i></a> 65 VANDERBILT L. REV. 51-122 (2012).
<a href="http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2038379"><i>NGO Standing and Influence in International Human Rights Courts</i></a>, 36 BROOKLYN J. INT'L L. 911 (2011).
<a href="http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1735010"><i>Charities and Lobbying: Institutional Rights in the Wake of Citizens United</i></a>, 10 ELECTION L.J. 407-426 (2011).
<a href="http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1622760"><i>Disclosures about Disclosure,</i></a> 45 INDIANA L. REV. 255 (2010).
<i><a href="http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=504775">Regulating Philanthropy in the 21st Century,</a></i> (with Brendan M. Wilson), 85 CHICAGO-KENT L. REV. 479 (2010).
<i><a href="http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=504775">Breaching a Leaking Dam?: Corporate Money and Elections</a></i>, 4 CHARLESTON L. REV. 91 (2009) (Supreme Court Preview issue).
<i><a href="http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1273602">Politics at the Pulpit: Tax Benefits, Substantial Burdens, and Institutional Free Exercise</a></i>, 89 BOSTON UNIV. L. REV. 1137 (2009).
<i>The Pulpit, the Pew, and Politics</i>, in BOSTON COLLEGE LAW SCHOOL LAW & RELIGION PROGRAM, ELECTING FAITH: THE INTERSECTION OF LAW AND RELIGION IN POLITICS AROUND THE WORLD (2009) (symposium publication)
<i>Serving on a Nonprofit Board: Legal and Ethical Duties in an Age of Accountability, as an appendix</i> in JOHN TROPMAN & THOMAS J. HARVEY, NONPROFIT GOVERNANCE: THE WHY, WHAT, AND HOW OF NONPROFIT BOARDSHIP (Corby Books & University of Scranton Press, 2009)
<i><a href="http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1273602">What Is This "Lobbying" That We are So Worried About?</a></i>, 26 YALE L. & POLâY REV. 485 (2008).
<i><a href="http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=991129">Grasping Smoke: Enforcing the Prohibition on Campaign Intervention by Charities,</a></i> 6 FIRST AMEND. L. REV. 1 (2007).
<i><a href="http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=925529">The Much Maligned 527 and Institutional Choice,</a></i> 87 BOSTON UNIV. L. REV. 625 (2007).
<i>The Legal Rules for Policy and Civic Impact by Foundations</i>, in POWER IN POLICY: A FUNDER'S GUIDE TO ADVOCACY AND CIVIC PARTICIPATION (David F. Arons ed., 2007): 169-205.
<i>Tax Issues for Private Foundations</i> (with Douglas N. Varley), in COMPLETE GUIDE TO NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS (Penina Kessler Leiber and Donald R. Levy eds., 2005): 2-1 to 2-106
<i>Political Activities of Tax-Exempt Organizations: Useful Guidance In Revenue Ruling 2004-6.</i> 100 JOURNAL OF TAXATION 181 (2004).||<a href="http://www.propublica.org/article/the-dark-money-man-how-sean-noble-moved-the-kochs-cash-into-politics-and-ma">The Dark Money Man: How Sean Noble Moved the Kochs’ Cash into Politics and Made Millions</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) - ProPublica, February 14, 2014
<a href="http://services.taxanalysts.com/taxbase/taxnotes.nsf/ConNavLink/0142TN0027-0001?OpenDocument&Login">Year In Review: IRS Management Turnover Exacerbates EO Guidance Delays, Tax Notes</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) January 6, 2014 (subscription required).
<a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/koch-backed-political-network-built-to-shield-donors-raised-400-million-in-2012-elections/2014/01/05/9e7cfd9a-719b-11e3-9389-09ef9944065e_story.html">Koch-backed political coalition, designed to shield donors, raised $400 million in 2012</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) - Washington Post, January 5, 2014
<a href="http://www.houstonchronicle.com/news/politics/houston/article/Stockman-aide-s-ties-to-sales-and-nonprofit-raise-5098892.php">Stockman aide's ties to sales and nonprofit raise flags</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) - Houston Chronicle, December 29, 2013
<a href="http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2013/12/obama-administration-irs-dark-money-regulations-politics">4 Reasons Obama's New Dark-Money Rules Won’t Stop Dark Money</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) - Mother Jones, December 4, 2013
<a href="http://www.propublica.org/article/the-irs-moves-to-limit-dark-money-but-enforcement-still-a-question">The IRS Moves to Limit Dark Money – But Enforcement Still a Question</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) - ProPublica, November 26, 2013
<a href="http://0-news.bna.com.innopac.law.nd.edu/mpdm/MPDMWB/split_display.adp?fedfid=38419517&vname=mpebulallissues&jd=a0e3r6v3g4&split=0">Treasury, IRS Propose New Definition Of Political Activity for Social Welfare Groups</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) - BNA, Inc. Money & Politics Report, November 26, 2013
<a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/11/25/karl-rove-crossroads_n_4337402.html">New Tax Return Shows Karl Rove's Group Spent Even More On Politics Than It Said</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) - ProPublica, November 25, 2013
<a href="http://www.spokesman.com/stories/2013/sep/15/idaho-freedom-foundations-charitable-status/">Idaho Freedom Foundation’s charitable status scrutinized</a> - (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) - The Spokesman-Review, September 15, 2013
<a href="http://services.taxanalysts.com/taxbase/tbnews.nsf/Go?OpenAgent&2013+TNT+178-1">Lerner E-Mails Reveal Some Considerations Behind IRS Scrutiny of Tea Party Applications </a> - (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) - Tax Analysts, September 12, 2013
<a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/on-faith/atheist-group-can-sue-irs-over-enforcement-of-pulpit-politicking/2013/08/23/861f46f4-0c1f-11e3-89fe-abb4a5067014_story.html?utm_source=Law+Library+Newletter+Faculty%2FStaff&utm_campaign=3ae119dd6b-NDLS_Update_August_27_20138_27_2013&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_2a24c9ea8f-3ae119dd6b-212984869">Atheist group can sue IRS over enforcement of pulpit politicking</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) - Washington Post, August 23, 2013
<a href="http://www.nonprofitquarterly.org/policysocial-context/22686-irs-targeting-may-have-to-do-with-size-and-connections.html">IRS Targeting May Have to Do with Size and Connections</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) - Nonprofit Quarterly, August 1, 2013
<a href="http://philanthropy.com/article/Fixing-the-IRS-Improve-the/139607/">Fixing the IRS: Improve the Application Process</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) - The Chronicle of Philanthropy, June 4, 2013
<a href"http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887323336104578503390355383784.html">Agency's Tax-Exempt Unit Faulted in Past Reports by Its Watchdog (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – The Wall Street Journal, May 24, 2013
<a href="http://www.cardhub.com/edu/ask-the-experts-irs-tea-party-scandal/">Ask The Experts: What to Make of the IRS "Tea Party" Scandal</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – CardHub, May 22, 2013
<a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2013/05/21/the-irs-controversy-isnt-about-taxes-its-about-disclosure/">The IRS controversy isn't about taxes. It's about disclosure.</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – Washington Post, May 21, 2013
<a href="http://www.npr.org/2013/05/21/185683100/unclear-laws-may-have-contributed-to-tax-exempt-controversy">Unclear Laws May Have Contributed to Tax-Exempt Controversy</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – NPR Morning Edition, May 21, 2013
<a href="http://www.indystar.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=2013305170084&nclick_check=1">Treatment of Indiana Group Part of IRS Oversight Hearing</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – Indianapolis Star, May 17, 2013
<a href="http://services.taxanalysts.com/taxbase/taxnotes.nsf/ConNavLink/0139TN0838-0001?OpenDocument&Login">Did a Lack of Guidance Contribute to IRS Mistakes?">Did a Lack of Guidance Contribute to IRS Mistakes?</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – Tax Notes, May 17, 2013 (subscription required)
<a href="http://www.marketplace.org/topics/economy/whats-irs">The Problem of the IRS’s Dwindling Credibility</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – Marketplace, May 16, 2013
<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/05/15/does-the-irs-scandal-prove-that-501c4s-should-be-eliminated">Should 501(c)(4)’s Be Eliminated</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – New York Times, May 15, 2013
<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/16/opinion/blow-scandalous-vs-scandal-lust.html">Scandalous vs. Scandal Lust</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – New York Times, May 15, 2013
<a href="http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics/2013/0515/Tea-party-investigation-Is-the-problem-the-IRS-or-the-tax-code">Tea Party Investigation: Is the Problem the IRS or the Tax Code?</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – Christian Science Monitor, May 15, 2013
<a href="http://www.npr.org/2013/05/15/184132966/ineffective-management-blamed-for-tax-exempt-scandal-at-irs">"Ineffective Management" Blamed for IRS Tax-Exempt Scandal</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – NPR Morning Edition, May 15, 2013
<a href="http://www.politico.com/story/2013/05/irs-mess-adds-to-campaign-finance-free-for-all-91300.html">IRS Mess Adds to Campaign Finance Free-for-All</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – Politico, May 14, 2013
<a href="http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/DC-Decoder/2013/0514/IRS-report-shows-why-tea-party-scandal-was-almost-inevitable">IRS Report Shows Why Tea Party Scandal Was Almost Inevitable</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – Christian Science Monitor, May 14, 2013
<a href="http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2013/05/why-is-it-so-hard-to-keep-the-irs-out-of-politics/275818/">Why Is It So Hard to Keep the IRS Out of Politics</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – The Atlantic, May 13, 2013
<a href="http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/13/congresss-role-in-the-i-r-s-focus-on-conservative-groups/">Congress’s Role in the I.R.S. Focus on Conservative Groups</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – New York Times Dealbook, May 13, 2013
<a href="http://www.politico.com/story/2013/05/irs-targeted-naacp-in-2004-91284.html?hp=f1">IRS Targeted NAACP in 2004</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – Politico, May 13, 2013
<a href="http://services.taxanalysts.com/taxbase/tnt3.nsf/Current+Edition/C8D02D1CC915E5C685257B200009EF6E?OpenDocument">Group Buying and Forgiving Medical Debt Will Seek Exemption</a>(Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) - Tax Notes Today, Feb. 28, 2013
<a href="http://newsinfo.nd.edu/news/37761">ND Expert: SCOTUS 'drops other shoe' on campaign contributions</a> - ND Newswire, February 20, 2013
<a href="http://www.propublica.org/article/dark-money-group-told-IRS-wouldnt-be-political-spent-million-on-ads">Dark Money Group Told IRS It Wouldn’t Be Political—Then Spent $1 Million on Campaign Ads</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – ProPublica, Oct. 4, 2012
<a href="http://www.propublica.org/article/a-reading-guide-to-true-the-vote-the-controversial-voter-fraud-watchdog">A Reading Guide to True the Vote, the Controversial Voter Fraud Watchdog</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – ProPublica, September 27, 2012
<a href="http://www.prwatch.org/news/2012/08/11722/how-americans-prosperity-will-keep-hiding-donors-shifting-election-landscape-reta">How Americans for Prosperity Will Keep Hiding Donors in Shifting Election Landscape, but Retain Tax-Exempt Status</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – PR Watch, August 28, 2012
<a href="http://www.propublica.org/article/how-nonprofits-spend-millions-on-elections-and-call-it-public-welfare">How Nonprofits Spend Millions on Elections and Call it Public Welfare</a> ProPublica, Aug. 19, 2012
<a href="http://www.propublica.org/article/could-corporations-be-taking-tax-breaks-on-political-dark-money">Could Corporations Take Tax Breaks on Political ‘Dark Money’?</a>, ProPublica, March 19, 2012
<a href="http://us1.list-manage2.com/track/click?u=46d441e0ea9fcf634f5c46895&id=59bdf67c18&e=26b14a237a">Are Corporations Claiming Tax Breaks for Super PAC Donations?</a>, The Atlantic Wire, March 19, 2012
<a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/03/01/irs-tea-party-tax-exempt_n_1314488.html">IRS Battling Tea Party Groups Over Tax-Exempt Status</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – The Huffington Post, March 2, 2012
<a href="http://us1.list-manage.com/track/click?u=46d441e0ea9fcf634f5c46895&id=4a162ccaf5&e=26b14a237a">Romney Tax Returns Show $7 Million in Donations Over 2 Years</a> (Quotes: Lloyd Mayer) – Bloomberg Businessweek, January 25, 2012||Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and Professor of Law||<a href="mailto:Debbie.S.Sumption.firstname.lastname@example.org">Debbie Sumption</a>|